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National Cemetery Administration


Dates of Establishment: National Cemeteries & NCA Burial Sites (3 of 6)

Although the U.S. Army maintained cemetery records in the nineteenth century, it can be challenging to determine dates of establishment along with first and oldest burials. At some locations, the earliest date of the death substantially predates the year the cemetery was established — often this is due to the relocation of remains from other cemeteries when the Army closed military installations. The date a national cemetery was established may correspond to earliest date of death (military or civilian), when the government legally acquired the land, or when a government official authorized or designated the grounds as a national cemetery. In locations where there was room in private cemeteries, the military may have buried its dead in plots designated as soldiers' lots, regardless of service branches interred.

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3. Interwar

An expansion of cemeteries for Veterans occurred in the years after the Civil War through the end of World War II. The cemeteries were established predominantly by the federal government or a congressionally-chartered organization. The cemeteries fall into two groups—cemeteries associated with Veteran care facilities and new construction.

New national cemeteries—most created to meet Veterans' needs in a geographical area and/or to provide burial space for World War II dead. The 1930s cemeteries located in major metropolitan areas are known as "interwar" (1934–1939) national cemeteries and represent the first major expansion of the national cemetery system since the Civil War.

Name Location Est.
Fort McPherson Maxwell, NE 1873
Remark for Fort McPherson: The military reservation was established in 1867 and likely established a post cemetery soon thereafter.
Woodlawn Elmira, NY 1874
Remark for Woodlawn: Started as a soldiers' lot and prisoner of war burial site during the Civil War.
Finn's Point Salem, NJ 1875
Remark for Finn's Point: Initially a soldiers' burial ground on the site of Fort Mott prior to being named a national cemetery.
Santa Fe Santa Fe, NM 1875
Remark for Santa Fe: Enlargement of a post cemetery that dates to 1868.
Custer (Little Bighorn) Crow Agency, MT 1879
Remark for Custer: Administered by U.S. Department of the Interior.
St. Augustine St. Augustine, FL 1881
Remark for St. Augustine: Enlargement of a post cemetery that dates to 1839.
San Francisco San Francisco, CA 1884
Remark for San Francisco: Enlargement of the Presidio post cemetery that dates to 1850.
Philadelphia Philadelphia, PA 1885
Remark for Philadelphia: Seven burial lots in other city cemeteries were consolidated here in 1885; the burials date to the Civil War, the earliest ca. 1862.
Andrew Johnson Greenville, TN 1906
Remark for Andrew Johnson: Administered by U.S. Department of the Interior.
Sitka Sitka, AK 1924
Remark for Sitka: Enlargement of a military and naval cemetery that dates to 1890.
Zachary Taylor Louisville, KY 1928
Remark for Zachary Taylor: Created adjacent to the Taylor family burial ground which dates to 1829.
Fort Rosecrans San Diego, CA 1934
Remark for Fort Rosecrans: Enlargement of a post cemetery that dates to 1902.
Baltimore Baltimore, MD 1936
Remark for Baltimore: Created due to grave space being exhausted at Loudon Park National Cemetery.
Fort Bliss El Paso, TX 1936
Remark for Fort Bliss: Enlargement of a post cemetery that dates to 1848.
Fort Snelling Minneapolis, MN 1936
Remark for Fort Snelling: First interment in 1939; when completed burials from the old post cemetery (est. ca. 1870) were moved here.
Long Island Farmingdale, NY 1936
Remark for Long Island: First interment in 1937.
Fort Sam Houston San Antonio, TX 1937
Remark for Fort Sam Houston: Post cemetery dates to 1926; in 1931 it was announced as an addition to the San Antonio National Cemetery, which was rescinded in 1937 when it was declared a national cemetery.
Golden Gate San Bruno, CA 1938
Remark for Golden Gate: First interment in 1941.
Alton Alton, IL 1948
Remark for Alton: Began as a soldiers' lot in a private cemetery in 1862.
Black Hills Sturgis, SD 1948
Remark for Black Hills: Originally designated Fort Meade National Cemetery, it was renamed in 1949.
National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific Honolulu, HI 1948
Remark for NMCP: First interment in 1950.
Puerto Rico Bayamón, Puerto Rico 1948
Fort Logan Denver, CO 1950
Remark for Fort Logan: Enlargement of a post cemetery that dates to 1887.
Willamette Portland, OR 1950
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